Sunday, November 6, 2011

Saturday, November 5, 2011

Sultanate of Oman

Regions and governorates of Oman

Oman is divided into five regions (mintaqah) and four governorates (muhafazah).[1] The fourth governorate, Al Buraymi, was created in October 2006 from parts of Ad Dhahirah region. The regions are further subdivided into 62 districts (wilayat). Each region has one or more regional center with a grand total of twelve.


Muscat is a governorate (region) of the Sultanate of Oman. Its largest city is Muscat. The governorate of Muscat is sometimes referred to as Masqat to differentiate it from the city.


Rregion lies in Southern Oman, on the eastern border with Yemen. Its mountainous area covers 99,300 km2 (38,300 sq mi) and has the population of 215,960 as of census 2003. The largest town in the region is Salalah. Historically, it was the chief source of frankincense in the world. However, its frankincense is now mostly used locally. (Somalia is now the leading exporter.)

While Arabic speakers from the dominant Omani culture have come to live in the province, especially the larger cities and towns, Dhofar has been the traditional homeland of many tribespeople speaking a variety of South Arabian Semitic languages. One of the largest—spoken by the Qara (Ehkelô), Shahra, Barahama, ِAl Mashaikh and Bathira mountain tribes—is called Jeballi, (or Shehri)—popularly referred to as Jeballi people or mountain talk. The Yemeni language of Mehri is somewhat linked to Jeballi. Other indigenous groups speaking smaller languages such as Bathari live in the coastal towns of Shuwaymiya and Sharbithat. The Harasis, speaking Harsusi, number 1,000–2,000 and live in Jiddat al-Harasis.

Al Batinah

Al Batinah Region, otherwise known as Al Batinah, occupies an important location on the coast of Gulf of Oman. It lies between Khatmat Malahah in the north and Ras AL Hamra in the south and confined between the Al Hajar Mountains in the west and the Gulf of Oman in the east. Most of Oman's population are in this region, because of the green plains between the Al Hajar Mountains and the sea.

Al Batinah Region contains the largest number of wilayat numbering twelve :Sohar, Ar Rustaq, Shinas, Liwa, Saham, Al Khaburah, Suwayq, Nakhal, Wadi Al Maawil, Al Awabi, Al Musanaah, Barka. Suwayq is considered as the biggest walyah in the Batinah Region

Sohar City is one of the Regional centers of the region. It is a great city with a corniche, fishing souq and lots of mosques. There's a town nearby called Majan.

Ash Sharqiyah

Is the eastern region , transliteration: mintaqah) of the Sultanate of Oman. The capital of Ash Sharqiyah is Sur.

Ash Sharqiyah Region consists of eleven provinces , plural , transliteration: wilayah, plural wilayat): Sur, Ibra, Mudhaibi, Al Kamil Wal Wafi, Jalan Bani Bu Hassan, Jalan Bani Bu Ali, Wadi Bani Khalid, Dema Wa Thaieen, Bidiya, Al Qabil, and Massirah.

The main cities are Sur and Ibra.

Ad Dhahirah

Is one of the regions (mintaqah) of Oman.

Adh Dhahirah region consists of three wilayats: Ibri, Yanqul, and Dank.

Until October, 2006, two more wilayats were part of the region: Al Buraymi and Mahdah. In October, 2006, a new governorate, Al Buraymi was created from these two wilayats, and a third wilayat, Al Sinaihah was created from parts of the two.

Al Buraimi

Is the newest governorate of Oman which was split from the Ad Dhahirah region.

Until October, 2006, the area was part of Ad Dhahirah region. At this time, the new governorate was created from the wilayats Al Buraymi and Mahdah. A third wilayat, Al Sinaihah was created from parts of the two.

Ad Dakhiliyah

Is one of the regions (mintaqah) of Oman with Nizwa town as the regional center.

Ad Dakhiliyah Region consists of eight wilayats: Nizwa, Samail, Bahla, Adam, Al Hamra, Manah, Izki and Bid Bid.

Al Wusta

Is one of the regions (manatiq) of Oman. Its capital is Haima (Hayma).

Al Wusta Region consists of four wilayat: Haima, Duqm, Mahout and Al Jazer.


Geographically, the Musandam peninsula juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Arabian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula. The Musandam peninsula is an exclave of Oman, separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates. Its location gives Oman partial control, shared with Iran, of the strategic strait. In the northern section of Musandam, around Kumzar, the language is Kumzari, which is one of the south-western Iranian languages and a sub-branch of Persian. The Musandam Peninsula has an area of 1,800 square kilometers (695 sq mi) and a population of 31,425 people. Connectivity has traditionally been a problem for the region, but this has greatly improved since August 2008 with the world's fastest passenger ferry launching service between Muscat and Musandam.

United Arab Emirates

Is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Arabian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.

Abu Dhabi

Is one of seven emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the capital of UAE and is the largest emirate by area (67,340 km²), and second-largest by population (after Dubai), accounting for approximately 86% of the total land area of the UAE. The seat of the President of the United Arab Emirates is located in Abu Dhabi city, which also hosts many oil companies, foreign embassies and the federal cabinet.


Is a city and emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The emirate is located south of the Arabian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula and has the largest population with the second-largest land territory by area of all the emirates, after Abu Dhabi. Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the only two emirates to have veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country's legislature. Dubai City is located on the emirate's northern coastline.


Is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The emirate covers 2,600 km² (1,003 mi²) and has a population of over 800,000 (2008). The emirate of Sharjah comprises the city of Sharjah (the seat of the emirate), and other minor towns and enclaves such as Kalba, Dibba Al-Hisn and Khor Fakkan.


is one of the seven emirates constituting the United Arab Emirates (UAE). With an area of just 260 square kilometres (100 sq mi), Ajman is the smallest emirate by area. Its seat of government is Ajman, which is bordered on its north, south, and east by Sharjah.Located along the Arabian Gulf, Ajman also controls Masfut and Manama, two small, inland enclaves that are primarily agricultural. Approximately 95% of the population of the emirate resides in the city of Ajman. The population was only 36,000 in 1980 but grew considerably in recent years, due to an influx of people from the neighbouring emirates of Dubai, Sharjah, and other countries. Ajman is ruled by Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi of the Al Nuaimi tribe. The Crown Prince of the Emirate is Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi. Ajmān has experienced massive development and a construction boom in recent years.

Ras al-Khaimah

Is one of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), in the east of the Arabian Gulf. It is in the northern part of the UAE bordering Oman. The capital city and home of most residents is also called Ras al-Khaimah. The city has a population of 263,217 as of 2008.[1] The city has two main sections, Old Ras Al Khaimah and Nakheel, on either side of a creek. It is served by the Ras Al Khaimah International Airport in Al Jazirah Al Hamra.


Is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one on the Gulf of Oman in the country's east instead of Arabian Gulf (the other six emirates).

Umm al-Quwain

Is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country. The emirate was ruled until his death by Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mu'alla, who was a member of the UAE's Supreme Council since 1981. The emirate had 62,000 inhabitants in 2003 (making it the least populous emirate in the federation) and has an area of 750 square kilometers. Accepted alternative spellings include Umm al Qiwain (used on its former postage stamps) as well as Umm al-Qawain, Umm al-Qaywayn, Umm el-Qiwain, Umm al-Qiwain and Umm al-Qaiwain.

From Netherlands

Administrative divisions

The Netherlands is divided into twelve administrative regions, called provinces, each under a Governor, who is called Commissaris van de Koningin (Commissioner of the Queen), except for the province Limburg where the commissioner is called Gouverneur (Governor). All provinces are divided into municipalities (gemeenten), 430 in total (13 March 2010).

The country is also subdivided in water districts, governed by a water board (waterschap or hoogheemraadschap), each having authority in matters concerning water management. As of 1 January 2005 there are 27. The creation of water boards actually pre-dates that of the nation itself, the first appearing in 1196. In fact, the Dutch water boards are one of the oldest democratic entities in the world still in existence.

The administrative structure on the 3 BES islands is different. These Caribbean islands have the status of openbare lichamen (public bodies) and are generally referred to as special municipalities. They are not part of a province.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thank to M.Noordam